Answer:- WHY IS THE ENVIRONMENT TO US All living beings are interconnected with the human environment. These substances and energy make up their structure. They maintain themselves by reproduction only after being fed with environmental substances. Biodiversity develops through genetic adaptations during reproduction and merges with them upon death. Natural or anthropogenic effects result in different types of disasters. Because even the slightest deviation in their equilibrium creates problems. The study of the environment is the most important subject for human beings with modern science and technology power. This importance can be well understood from the following headings. (WHY IS THE ENVIRONMENT TO US)

  1. Helpful in human progress and development:-

In the industrial culture of man, the dependence of man on the natural environment is increasing. It is necessary to assess how much and how to use the raw material so that the progress of the industry remains constant and nature is balanced. This will open the doors to human progress and development. Situations can be dealt with properly through environmental studies and proper assessment of the relationship of environmental resources.

  1. For Environmental Management:-

The disturbances arising in the environment and the depletion of its resources are a matter of concern for mankind. Therefore, environmental studies can help make proper management of the environment by bringing awareness among the people, by getting the knowledge of the proper manager of these resources and putting them into practice.(WHY IS THE ENVIRONMENT TO US)

  1. Human curiosity and its solutions:-

Being a rational animal, he wants to know his surroundings and the events related to them. This environment and related events are related to environmental studies, due to which the study of the environment is necessary to generate his curiosity and to solve them.

  1. For Learning and Education:-

Human beings have made many mistakes from their origin till date and have also made many inventions while making mistakes and have saved themselves from adverse effects. In this way, he acquired the knowledge of prohibition through learning and his civilizations and cultures developed.

Why are these cultures changing? Is it appropriate to change them? The answer can be obtained through environmental studies. Therefore, environmental studies are important as a medium of human learning and education. Given the magnitude of the problems at present, environmental training environmental meetings and conferences, environmental programs, etc. can be conducted for this purpose.(WHY IS THE ENVIRONMENT TO US)

  1. To Save Life:-

The creation, substance, and continuity of every living being are governed by it. Today, conservation of life in various forms such as conservation of wildlife and conservation of biodiversity, etc. is being done through the study of the environment. Environmental protection is necessary for the survival of human beings on this earth. From this point of view, it is necessary to study the environment.

  1. To Maintain Natural Balance:-

Due to human intervention, nature’s balance is getting disturbed due to many reasons. This imbalance is becoming the cause of human property and public loss. Therefore, this balance should be disturbed to a minimum or the balance should be re-established so that the continuity of the human species can be ensured. From this point of view, there is a need for environmental studies so that it can maintain the balance of nature by proper use of resources.


Answer:- Environmental studies is a composite form of many disciplines. It is related to natural science on the one hand and social sciences on the other. Here we are considering their relation to some other subjects like-

  1. Zoology and Studies:-

Animals are the main biological component of the environment. Its biological components have special importance in environmental studies. Through Zoology, knowledge of the physical structure, nutrition, and all biological functions of animals is obtained. It is also a fundamental aspect of environmental studies. In this way, there is a very close relationship between environmental studies and zoology.

  1. Botany and Environmental Studies:-

Under botany, we study the activity, genetics, and physiology of plants. The environment studies the process of adaptation of vegetation to the environment by taking all these colors. Vegetation is very important in the environment. Therefore, environment studies have a close relationship with botany.

  1. Chemistry and Environmental Studies:-

Chemistry gives information about the different types of gases present in the environment the effects of rainwater, and the cycles that go on in the ecosystem. It gives information about the effects of various types of pollution in the environment on humans, plants, and animals and measures to control them. Thus, the role of chemistry in the study of the environment is very important.

  1. Environmental Studies and Geography:-

Geography studies the relationship between humans and the environment. The geographical conditions of an area play an important role in the formation of the environment. The major geographical conditions are – Forest, Rainfall, Population, Temperature, etc.

In this way, environment and geography are related to each other.

  1. Environmental Studies and Sociology:-

The study of social and cultural problems of human beings is done in sociology. At present, there is a lot of change in the social and cultural beliefs of human beings, which is affecting the environment to a great extent. For example, in the Vedic age, people worshiped nature. They believed that the deity resides in the tree. Being the place of a deity, they considered it a sin to cut it. But due to the increasing needs in the modern era, trees are being cut indiscriminately. This has resulted in similar environmental crises. Hence environmental studies and sociology are related to each other.

  1. Environmental Studies and Economics:-

The goal of economics is to raise the standard of living, money refers to those natural resources which are used for earning money. In the modern era, natural resources are being exploited uncontrollably to meet the needs of the huge population and consumption, the knowledge of environmental studies is necessary for an economist. Thus they complement each other.

  1. Environmental Studies and Political Science:-

The formation of political institutions, national and international relations, and the political functions of the country are studied in political science. Many components of the environment such as natural conditions, resources, soil fertility, population, seaside condition, etc. directly or indirectly affect the structure of a nation, form of government, and relations with other countries. Thus political science and environment. The studies are intertwined.